What is Cancer: Cancer is related to a class of several diseases. Cancer occurs when there is an abnormal growth in a group of cells beyond their limits .There are three main characteristics for the occurrence of cancer.
• Rapid growth of body cells without controlling limit.
• Mobility of these uncontrolled cells from original state to distant state.
• Destruction of adjacent body tissues by the spreading of uncontrolled body cells through blood or lymph.
Cancer is a combination of several diseases with different types of causes, symptoms and treatments. Cancer is of many types, in which abnormal growth of cells is common in all of them. Body cells plays major role in defining cancer. All the organs and tissues in the body are made up by tiny body cells. These cells have a constant process of dying and replacing new cells. This is the general process carried by them, if there is any malfunction in their life cycle, there is a chance for the occurrence of cancer. Tumor occurs due to the formation of excess cells in the body. There are two types of tumors one is benign tumor and the other is malignant tumor .Benign tumor is not cancerous but can cause damage to the adjacent organs if it grows continuously at a single site. Malignant tumor is cancerous, it spreads through out the body and damages the entire body organs.
Causes of cancer: There is no exact reasons for the causes of cancer but there are several risk factors that increases the causes of cancer, here is the list of risk factors.
Age: Generally aged people will be suffering from cancer due to the presence of polyps (excess growth of glands). If the age is above 50 years, there will be more chances of getting cancer due to the increase in risk factors.
Alcohol: Consuming of alcohol will reduce the performance of body immune system which cause the occurrence of cancer disease.
Diabetes: Diabetes leads to the occurrence of cancer disease due to insulin dependency at high rate by the body.
Diet: Diet plays an important role in defining cancer. Taking fat foods with low fiber content will definitely causes cancer due to excess fat storage which leads to obesity. Planning proper diet menu with rich fiber foods helps in preventing cancer from occurrence.
Environment: The surroundings in which you live and work also leads to many risk factors for causing cancer. So, maintain proper surroundings .
Family pedigree: Family hereditary may cause cancer, but by taking screen tests you can reduce the risk factors for cancer.
Genetics: Many of the researchers suggest that 30 percent of the cancer cases have a genetic links.
Gender: Many of the research programs say that men are more often to face cancer than women.
Obesity: Obesity increases the chances of having colon cancer due to decrease in immune system rate in the body system.
Polyps: Polyps (unusual glands) increase the chance of having cancer. These polyps are occurred due to the excess growth of cells in the colon region or due to the family pedigree.
Smoking: This activity is the major risk factor in causing cancer. Smoking leads to lung cancer and also causes several side effects like digestion problems, burning sensation, headache and site blindness. So avoid smoking to prevent cancer from occurrence.
Cancer symptoms and signs: The following is the list of symptoms and signs of cancer.
Persistent cough, change in bowel habits, Blood in the stool, Unexplained anemia, Brest discharge, Lumps in the testicles, Change in urination, Blood in the urine, Hoarseness, Swollen glands, Indigestion, Unusual vaginal bleeding, Unusual weight loss, Fever, Severe sweat, Continued itching in anus, Non healing sores, Headaches, Back pain, Pelvic pain and Bloating. These are the following cancer symptoms and signs can be observed in the body.
Effects of cancer:
Sleep disorder: Severe illness, stress, emotional pain and usage of drugs are the driving factors for causing sleep disorder. People suffering with cancer will generally face this disorder .
Nausea and vomiting: Body hormone changes, pains, body inflammation, poor blood flow and anxiety are the causing factors of nausea and vomiting.
Fatigue: Due to the excess treatment process of cancer, body faces severe exhaustion or tiredness.
Delirium: This side effect occurs during the last period of life. Delirium is nothing but the malfunction of the brain due to severe attacks of cancer cells in the body.
Constipation: Constipation occurs during the early stage of the cancer. Constipation means slow movement of body waste through the body. Due to constipation the body faces illness.
Treatment for cancer disease: Cancer can be treated in seven major types. These seven types are described as follows:
Surgery: Surgery is carried to remove the cancer tumor. Surgery can be carried in the early stages of the tumor occurrence. Surgery will be taken place only if the cancer is located only in one part of the body. During the surgery process the damaged lymph nodes are also removed along with the tumor. This surgery process depends on the location, area and size of the tumor.
Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy is a process of removing cancer cells by using high intensity x-ray beams. These high energy x-rays are aimed at the cancer affected part of the body to destroy the cancer cells. This process also causes damage to the normal cells for its side effects.
Hormonal Therapy: Hormonal therapy can be useful to cure and control the cancer cells from growth. Hormonal therapy process changes the level of hormones in the body and blocks the hormones from cancer cells.
Active surveillance: This process can be taken when the cancer grows slowly without causing any problems for several years. Doctor keeps on monitoring the cancer growth in the body, if the cancer starts to grow, then you can go for the treatment process .
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy drugs are called as anti-cancer drugs which are very much useful to destroy cancer cells. There are many types of chemotherapy drugs available in the market for the treatment of cancer. These drugs are available in the form of pills and intravascular injections, but mostly given by drip into the blood veins.
Nutrition Cancer treatment: Nutrition cancer treatment is useful in treating the cancer side effects. During the treatment of cancer many side effects results and many of them will disappear after the treatment but some of the side effects remain in the body. So for the removal of this side effects we need to have a nutrition based cancer treatment.
Biotherapy: Due to weak immune system in the body, there are chances for the development of cancer. So this Biotherapy treatment process is useful in rebuilding strong immune system in the body. Biotherapy is also called as immunotherapy or biological response modifier therapy. This treatment process is really useful in repairing, enhancing and stimulating the weak immune system of the body. This process can be carried along with surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
Cancer is treated as a serious problem due to its effects and causes .Cancer can be avoided only by taking preventive measures from the doctors by having health checkups for every six months in a year. It can be cured entirely during the early stages of its occurrence .So, please pay attention in noticing the signs and symptoms.
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